KINGS MOUNTAIN GEORGIA PARTICIPANTS
Introduction by Robert Galer, Chairman,
Historic Sites & Celebrations Committee, Georgia
Society Sons of the American Revolution
And Brett Osborn, committee member,
Marquis de Lafayette Chapter
In 2004 and 2005 - the
224th and 225th anniversary of the Battle of Kings
Mountain SC - the Georgia Society mounted a campaign called “Remember the
30” to gain recognition that Georgians were a part of the Overmountain men
who were victorious over Major Ferguson and the Tories at Kings Mountain, SC on
October 7, 1780. Georgians joined
Virginians and North and South Carolinians to form the Overmountain Patriot
force at Kings
Mountain. During the anniversaries on October 7th
of these two years, over 100 Georgia citizens, including the SAR, attended the
wreath presentations marking themselves with shoulder insignia and other
souvenirs as “Remembering the [forgotten] Georgia 30”. The Color Guard and SAR militia turned out 27
strong to present a special feature to “Remember the 30”, carrying a special “Georgia 30”
guidon. The commemorative program
carried a special poem about the “Georgia 30”, by Phil
Curtis of the Georgia Society, Atlanta Chapter.
The National Park
Service was given an alert that Georgia’s part in the Revolution, to include
participating in the Battle of Kings Mountain, was little recognized, if at
all, by the audio/video, trail signs, brochures and museum exhibits. For instance the Park published a nice
Walking Tour Guide by Ranger Bert Dunkerly with no mention anywhere of Georgia
participation. Although Georgia’s role was small compared to Virginia and the Carolinas,
it was enough to cause the Georgia Society of SAR to be big supporters of the
annual celebrations of the battle. Brett
Osborn’s research shows that Georgia
supplied more than 30 men, a fact confirmed by Draper and other authorities.
One was killed and not even listed on the Kings Mountain
list of killed and wounded. The casualty
was a young Georgia Private named John Rainey who died of wounds the day after
the battle and was buried on the Randall plantation at the same place where
Colonel James Williams also died on the march away from Kings Mountain
and was originally buried.
The Georgia Society
of SAR Historic Sites and Celebrations committee made these and other omissions
known to the Superintendent and Chief Ranger of the Kings Mountain
Park. Corrective action was requested.
On April 5, 2004, the Chief Ranger at the park
responded in an e-mail to the chairman of the SAR committee, stating in
part: “In an effort to provide
recognition for all of the respective troops that fought in the battle, we made
a concerted effort in the planning of newly installed wayside exhibits along the
trail to show the Georgia contingent. We
have also started planning our new exhibits for the museum. These exhibits will also do
a more thorough job in recognizing the Georgians who participated in the Battle
of Kings Mountain.”
Georgia’s influence on Kings Mountain
extended beyond participation in the battle.
Consider how the Georgia
brigade affected the actions of Major Ferguson and his Loyalist forces: On
August 17th, less than two months before Kings
Mountain, Colonel Elijah Clarke and
300 Georgia militia answered
the call of Colonel Isaac Shelby of North Carolina
to drive the British from an encampment at Musgrove’s Mill on the Enoree River. Although seriously wounded, the Georgians
continued to mete out justice to Tories in South Carolina. Returning home, the Georgia brigade nearly succeeded in taking Augusta, Georgia
back from the British, but were stymied by British regulars arriving from Fort
Ninety-Six to reinforce the garrison. As
Clarke was returning from his near victory at Augusta, a substantial British force under
Major Ferguson was in the field to subdue the backcountry and protect
Cornwallis’ left flank. He had been
ordered to cut off Clarke after Augusta. But Clarke had encountered about 400 Wilkes County citizens,
fleeing the forces from Ninety-Six which were destroying their homes and
property. He agreed to escort them to
the North Carolina
backcountry held by the Whigs. Pursued
by both Ferguson
and Col. Cruger of Ninety-Six with a large force of Tories and Indians, Clarke
nevertheless eluded both threats, and reached his destination safely.
Meanwhile, Ferguson, aware of the
threat coming over the mountains from those settlements, broke off the trap set
for Clarke. Thirty volunteers of the Georgia brigade, under Major William Candler,
left the main body and joined the Overmountain men at the Green River, as Ferguson began a
retrograde movement toward Cornwallis.
These were attached to the force commanded by Colonel James Williams of
South Carolina, and two days later the Georgians under Candler and 40 or more
South Carolinians with Lacey, Hawthorne joined in assault from the west side of
Kings Mountain approximately where the U.S. monument now stands.
Epilogue: After escorting the Wilkes County families to
safety in the Watauga valley of North Carolina (now in Tennessee), in control
of the Whigs he had aided at Musgrove’s Mill, Clarke and his main body of
Georgia militiamen joined Thomas Sumter to defeat Banastre Tarleton at the
Battle of Blackstock, November 20, 1780.
They returned to Georgia
to rebuild their homes, dispersing until spring and better weather.
The following list
was developed by Brett Osborn to begin the process of identifying by name the
30 or more Georgians. Substantive proof
exists that some (shown in bold type) fought there. Help is sought from the public to
substantiate first-hand the Kings
Mountain presence of
Georgians, and to add to the roster.
Those with pension
papers are indicated by . Click on this
image to view pension for the individual.
If you have other pension information, please let us know.
BLACK, JOHN, page 19 (Moss)
d. 22 Oct 1813, Overton County, TN
m. Margaret Liner, 7 Nov 1792, Elbert County, GA
The widow of John Black alleged that
he enlisted in Elbert
during the fall of 1778 and served at various times under the command of
Captains Joseph Nail and Ford Butler and Cols. James Little and Elijah Clarke.
He was in the battles of Kings Mountain and Augusta.
BURNETT, JOSHUA, page 278 (Moss)
Burnett known to be in the campaign but
not in the battle of Kings Mountain, - FPA S32154 (GA)
CANDLER, WILLIAM, Maj., pages 39-40
b. 21 Apr 1735, Belfast
d. 14 Jul 1787, Richland County, GA
m. Elizabeth Anthony, 1760
William Candler was brought to America as a
child. He migrated to GA the year following his marriage. In 1771 he was a
deputy surveyor. He served under Col. Clarke and was in the engagements at Augusta, Siege of Savannah, Kings
Mountain, and Blackstock's Plantation. As a major,
he commanded a GA militia unit with Capt. Patrick Carr and a Capt. Johnston at Kings Mountain and was
possibly under the command of Col. Williams. Candler rose to the rank of
colonel in the militia. In 1784 and 1785 he was a member of the GA legislature.
He became a judge. His eldest son, Henry served with him in the war.
Son of William Candler. Rode with his father during the war. No evidence he was at Kings Mountain
but might be verified.
CARR, PATRICK (PADDY), Capt., page
b. County Derry, Ireland
d. _ Aug 1802, Jefferson County, GA
Patrick Carr, probably relative of
Robert Carr (Carr's Fort). Patrick settled in GA before the commencement of the
war. He was a Capt. under Col. Clarke in the attack on Augusta in Sep 1780. After the fall of GA, he
entered the mountains of the Carolinas, where he joined the forces of Maj.
William Candler and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.
One month later he was under Sumter and was in
the battle at Blackstock's Plantation.
In May 1781 he was engaged in forays against British and Tory parties in GA.
Carr was promoted to major and marched against the Tories and Indians of
northern GA. It is claimed that he killed one hundred Tories by his own hands
during the war. He was murdered, possibly by a descendant of one of the Tories.
CONNER, ISAAC, page 53 (Moss)
b. 1757, Winchester, VA
While residing in Rutherford County, NC,
Isaac Conner enlisted during Jul 1778 in the militia under Ensign William
Bailey, Capt. Burney, and Cot Elijah Clarke as a substitute for George Parris
(?) (to whom he was bound as an apprentice). He was in a skirmish at Hogg's (?)
Mill (Union County,
SC). He next
volunteered during 1779 under Capt. Samuel Miller and Maj. Joseph McDowell.
When the unit was approaching Kings Mountain, Col. Col. Campbell became
commander. In 1781 he volunteered under Capt. Samuel Miller and Maj. Joseph
McDowell. The unit marched to Cowpens and came under the command of Col.
Pickens. Conner was wounded in the right side during the battle. In the spring
of 1782 he volunteered under Lt. Lewis Clark, Capt. John Clark, and Col. Elijah
Clarke and was engaged in scouting in NC and SC.
CRAWFORD, JOHN, pages 57-58 (Moss)
b. 16 Jul 1759, Amherst County, VA
d. 19 Oct 1836, Pike County, GA
m. Rebecca Snider, 17 Apr 1781
While residing in St. Paul's Parish, John Crawford enlisted on
2 Mar 1776 under Capt. Chesley Bostwick, Capt. Delaplaine, and Col. Joseph
Habersham in the First GA Regiment. In Oct 1777 he enlisted as a second
lieutenant under Capt. Charles Crawford and Col. Benjamin Few in the GA militia
and was in the engagement at Burke County Jail. He marched in Capt. Leonard
Mabury's company of cavalry down the Savannah River and was under Capt. Charles
Crawford in the battle at Savannah,
where he was taken prisoner and exchanged after eight months. Crawford was in the first siege of Augusta and in the battles at Kings
Mountain, Blackstock's Plantation, and Cowpens.
In Mar 1781 he entered service under Capt. William Lucas and Col. Elijah Clarke
in the GA militia and was at Augusta
when it surrendered. Crawford served under Capt. Thomas Townsend from Jan to
CURREN, JOHN, page 63 (Moss)
John Curren served during 1778 under
Lt. Barry and Col. Neel in GA. During 1780 he was with Sumter when he was first defeated. He was
under Lt. Alexander Faris and Col. Hill in the battle at Kings Mountain.
During 1781 he served under Capt. John Henderson. Also in 1781 he served under
Capt. Garrison and Gen. Sumter at the Quarter House.
JOEL, page 278 (Moss)
Darsey known to be in the campaign but not in the battle of
Kings Mountain, - FPA S6788,11 Dec. 1845 GA,
(Moss). Darsey’s pension statement
lists details of his service with Cols Twiggs and Clarke from 1779 to 1783 in
virtually every battle in the southern campaign in which Georgians fought. Darsey joined up at 15 years of age while
living in Burke (later Jefferson) county. He participated in the unsuccessful siege of Augusta. Then after marching 11 or 12 days arrived
at Kings Mountain
as Colonels Sevier and Campbell
captured the British [sic]. Said Campbell was fhot in
chest and later died. [Col Williams
actually]. I believe that Darsey arrived
in time to be a participant in the Kings
Mountain battle. - EPA S6788 11 Dec. 1845, Decatur county, Georgia. (Galer)
This patriot is buried in Decatur county,
Georgia, just a mile or so above the Florida
state line off Hwy 27. His grave was
marked by Joel Early Chapter SAR in 2007
DUICK, TIMOTHY, pages 71-72 (Moss)
m. Tabitha B___, 1777, SC
Timothy the son of Timothy Duick of GA
alleged on 23 Nov 1856 in Pickens County, GA that his father enlisted during 1777, was a private in
the militia, and was in the battle of Kings Mountain.
FAIN, EBENEZER, page 82 (Moss)
b. 27 Aug 1762, Chester County, PA
d. 29 Dee 1842, Habersham County, GA
m. Mary Mercer, 6 Jun 1781, Jonesboro, TN
While residing in Washington County, VA,
Ebenezer Fain enlisted during June 1776 under Capt. James Montgomery and Col.
William Christian. During June 1780 he enlisted under Capt. William Trimble and
Col. Charles Robertson of NC and Capt. Cunningham and Col. Clarke of GA. Fain
served under Capts. Christopher Taylor and Gibson and Col. Sevier from Sep
1780. He was in the battles of Wofford's Iron Works, Musgrove's Mill, and Kings Mountain (where he was
wounded in the leg).
HAMMETT, WILLIAM, Capt., page 108
b. 16 Nov 1749
d. 23 Aug 1832, Marion County, MS
m. Martha ____
James Hammett, the son of William
Hammett, alleged that his father entered the service in Wilkes County, GA,
early in the war and served as a captain under Col. Elijah Clarke. He was in
the battles at Sullivan's Island, Kettle Creek (where he was wounded and two of
his brothers were killed), and Kings Mountain.
HAMMOND, Sr., ABNER, Roster of the South Carolina Patriots in the American
Revolution p. 407
Pension No. W 25753 served in SC under
Col LeRoy Hammond, an uncle. He later
served as a Captain under his brother, Col Samuel Hammond. He was listed as serving at the first Siege
of Augusta and was supposedly captured.
Later, he joined a regiment of refugees under Col William Chandler
[Candler]. He was possibly son of
Charles Hammond and is listed in one source as a member of Candler’s unit along
with a George Hammond.
HAMMOND, Samuel, Roster of the South
Carolina Patriots in the American Revolution p.407
Pension No. S 21807 was in many
battles including Musgrove Mill, Augusta, Kings Mountain
and more. He may have been with SC
Charles and his son, Abner, are both listed on the three companies of
refugee soldiers under Colonel William Candler (15 September 1780) the Telamon
Cuyler Collection University of Georgia Libraries now know as the Hargrett Rare
Books and Manuscripts Library. From the "Roster
of the South Carolina Patriots in American Revolution", page 407, Charles is listed as a lieutenant and
captain in the militia and wounded at Savannah. Younger brother Samuel Hammond is listed as
being at King's Mountain.
Book "The King's Mountain Men", page 181, Charles Hammond, was born
in Richmond County,
1716, and died in Edgeville District,
SC, 1794. He was present at King's Mountain under
Captain Candler....His son Abner (1750-1810) was a lieutenant in SC, and
descendants hold that he too was in the battle.
“Lineage Book 31, D.A.R."
HEARD, RICHARD, page 116 (Moss) b.
d. 6 Oct 1817
m. Elizabeth Coleman, 1780, Wilkes County, GA
May be relative of Stephen Heard,
later Governor of GA. The son of Richard Heard alleged that his father was the captain
of a unit from Wilkes
during 1779/1780. Heard was in the siege of Savannah
under Col. Williamson, at the siege of Augusta
in the same unit, at the battle of Long Cane under Col. Elijah Clarke, and at
Dogwood Springs against the Indians. The son thought he had also heard his
father say that he was at Kings Mountain
HILLEN, GEORGE, page 123 (Moss)
b. 29 August 1762, Richmond, NC
At an early age George Hillen moved
with his parents to Barnvile (Barnwell?), SC. He was residing there when he
entered service during May 1779 under Capt. Ferguson to guard Garret's Ferry on
the Savannah River against
the Tories under Col. Daniel McGirt. Thereafter, he enlisted in Edgefield
District under Capt. John Ryan, Col. LeRoy Hammond, and Gen. Williamson.
Afterwards, he was promoted to sergeant. Hillen moved to Rutherford County, NC,
where he volunteered on Green River
under Capt. William Nevel and Col. Miller. Learning that Miller was not going
to Kings Mountain, Hillen volunteered under Capt. Abraham
DeMoss and Col. Cleveland, was in the battle at Kings Mountain
and was present when Williams died. About 25 November 1780, he joined Capt.
Marmadue (a Frenchman), Maj. Patrick Carr, and Col. Clarke and went in pursuit
of Maj. Dunlap, one of Ferguson's
officers. They caught up with Dunlap's unit at Hog Skin Mill on Long Cane
River in Laurens District, SC, and defeated him. About
10 December 1780 Hillen enlisted under Capt. Dennis Tramell and Co1. Roebuck
and marched to Puck Hill, where they attacked Col. Cunningham. About 1 January
1781 Hillen enlisted again under Capt. Marmadue, Maj. Patrick Carr, and Col.
Clarke, marched to Grindal Shoals, joined Morgan, and was in the battle at
Cowpens. They marched to attack Grayson's and Brown's Forts in GA. He was in
the engagement at Brick House. Thereafter, he joined Co1. Benton and in 1782 served under Marion.
HUDSON, HALL, page 130 (Moss)
Hall Hudson enlisted sometime in June
1775 under Capt. Abram Penn at Pittsylvania Courthouse, V A. He was marched
against the Shawnee Indians and was stationed at Farlee Fort on the Big Kanawha River.
He joined Lewis and marched against the Indians at Point
Pleasant. Early in May 1776 he enlisted under Capt.
Samuel Scott, was placed under Capt. George Walton, and marched to GA. There they
were placed under Gen. 10hn McIntosh and Col. Habersham. Later, he was under
Col. Elbert. He was then under Col. Moore and went to Amelia Island, which was taken
after a brisk fight. About the last of July 1779 he enlisted under Capt. Daniel
Caslin (?) as a ranger on the frontiers of Wilkes and Surry Counties, NC. In August 1779 he
volunteered under Capt. Underwood for an expedition against the Tories at
Ramsour's Mill. During October 1780 he volunteered at the Moravian towns under
Cot Shelby and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.
Late in 1780 he volunteered under Capt. Joseph Phillips and was in the battle
at Cowpens. He followed Cornwallis to Cape Fear River, where he was discharged.
Stephen, Capt., page 40 (Moss)
Started with the name Captain
Johnson. Listed under Major Candler
remarks as being at King's Mountain by Bobby Moss in his book "The
Patriots at Kings
page 40. Actual statement from Colonel
Stephen Johnson, pages 23-25 of "Revolutionary Memoirs and Muster
Rolls" by Mary B. Warren, identify that he was the Captain that served
with Major Candler (text says Col. Chandler) at King's Mountain with Georgians.
KELLY, JACOB, page 278 (Moss)
Kelly known to be in the campaign but
not in the battle of Kings Mountain, - FPA R5843 (GA)
LOCHRIDGE (LOCKRIDGE), JAMES, page 156
b. 10 March 1757, Rockbridge County,
d. 28 July 1840, Maury County, TN
m. Ann ____,21 August
As a boy, James Lochridge moved with his
family to Abbeville District, Sc. While residing there he enlisted during the
fall of 1774 and marched against the Indians. He served at various times as a
private and spy under Capts. William Baskin, Joseph Pickens, Alexander McAlpin,
Thomas Means, and William Strain and Cols. Anderson, Williamson, Clarke, and
Pickens. Lochridge was in the siege of Augusta
and the battles at Long Cane Creek, Kings
Mountain, Oconee River, and the siege of
Ninety-Six. While acting as a spy near Ninety-Six he was shot through the left
thigh and little finger of the left hand, captured by the Tories, and escaped
after several days.
MANN, THOMAS, page 162 (Moss)
d. 31 May 1834
m. Sarah Tackett, 1 May 1781, Spartanburg District,
The widow of Thomas Mann alleged that
while residing in Abbeville
he served in the militia. He enlisted during 1779 or 1780 and was in the battle
at Kings Mountain, Ninety-Six, Eutaw Springs, and Augusta. Mann was under Capt. William Pullium of
the GA militia. He supposedly served under Capt. Andrew Hamilton, Maj. Noble,
and Col. Anderson, and Gens. Williamson and Pickens.
McBEE, VARDRY, Capt., page 168 (Moss)
b.c. 1740/1745, VA
m. Hannah Echols, c.1764
Vardry McBee moved to SC in 1766 and
enlisted in the 5th Regiment on 26 March 1776. He was a captain in the militia
under Col. Roebuck from 10 June 1780 to 10 January 1782. McBee was in the
taking of Fort Thicketty, at battle at Kings Mountain, and it is
thought that he was in the battle at Cowpens. A skirmish was fought near
Limestone Springs (where his home was located) and the wounded Whigs (one of
who was the brother of Col. Elijah Clarke) were taken in and cared for by
McCLASKEY, (McCLOSKEY, McCLESKEY),
JOSEPH, pages 169-170 (Moss)
b. 1756, Abbeville District, SC
d. 25 February 1837, Lincoln County, TN
m. Mary Green 17 November 1781,
Ninety-Six District, SC
After enlisting during the fall of
1776 or 1777 while residing in Abbeville District, SC,
Joseph McClaskey served under Capts. Pickens, Winn, and Caldwell and Cols.
Williamson, Pickens, Campbell, and Armstrong. He was in the battles at
Beaufort, Kettle Creek, the siege of Savannah, Kings Mountain, Cowpens, the
siege of Ninety-Six (where he was wounded in the right arm), and Eutaw Springs.
In addition, he was on the Florida Expedition and two expeditions against the
McKINNEY, WILLIAM, page 178 (Moss)
While residing in Charlotte County,
VA, William McKinney enlisted during 1775 under Capt. Thomas Collier and was in
the battle at Gwyn's Island and on an expedition under Gen. Lewis against the
Indians at Holston
About two weeks after returning home he went to GA and enlisted under Capt.
Austin and was on an expedition against the Indians. Next, he enlisted in GA
under Capt. Logan and Gen. Williamson and was in the engagement at Trout Creek.
He returned to VA, but in a few weeks went again to Augusta, GA,
where he was taken prisoner, held four months, and then paroled. McKinney broke his parole, joined Gen. Clarke
and was in the battle at Augusta.
He then says he was under Col Sevier at the battle at Kings Mountain. In his pension application, maybe just went
with a better name – Sevier.. And says he was under Sumter
in the battle at Blackstock's Plantation. Again, a big name instead of Candler or
Clarke. Worth checking out.
McMASTER, WILLIAM, pages 180-181 (Moss)
b.c. 1759, Ireland
d. 18 March 1824, Abbeville District,
m. Rebecca Towne
William McMaster came to America with his parents at the age of thirteen.
After enlisting, while residing on the Savannah River in Abbeville District,
SC, he was in the battles at Kettle Creek, Briar Creek, Siege of Augusta,
Beaufort, Hanging Rock, Kings Mountain (where he was under Col. Williams),
Blackstock's Plantation, Cowpens, and the siege of Ninety-Six (where he was
wounded by a gunshot in the left hip). McMaster was captured after being
wounded and was treated at Ninety-Six. He served under a Capt. McCan and Col.
Anderson. Makes him a prime candidate for this list. Williams had 30 men at Kings Mountain. He was joined by Candler, according to
Draper. As a group the South Carolinians
under Lacey, Hawthorne, and the Georgians under Candler assaulted with Williams
from the west side of the U.S.
monument at Kings
Mountain. McMasters statements of being with Williams
worth checking out.
NOBLES, LEWIS SANDERS, page 197 (Moss)
d. 01 November 1856
m. Ester Robinson
Lewis Sanders Nobles enlisted under
Col. Elijah Clarke while residing in Edgefield District, SC.
Thereafter, he was under Col. Roebuck. He was in the battles at Camden, Kings
Mountain, Cowpens, and the
siege of Yorktown.
O'BANNON, BENJAMIN, pages 197·198 (Moss)
b. 1750, Fauquier County, VA
m. Delilah ____
While residing in Mecklenburg County,
Benjamin O'Bannon enlisted under a Capt. Marshall. After this service he
enlisted under a Capt. Williams and Col. Elijah Clarke of GA and was at the
siege of Augusta. Next he
enlisted as a horseman under Capt. Henry Hampton of SC. He was in the battles
at Camden, Kings Mountain, Cowpens, Guilford
Courthouse, and the siege of Ninety-Six.
PATTERSON, JOHN, pages 203-204, (Moss)
b. January 1763, Ireland
While residing in Ninety-Six District,
SC, John Patterson enlisted as a substitute for his father, Samuel, during
August 1778 under Capt. Cowan, Col. Reed, and Gen. Williamson. The unit
rendezvoused at Beaverdam Creek in GA and marched against the Indians. In 1780
he was drafted to go to Charleston
under Capt. Cowan and Col. Pickens but the city fell before they reached their
destination. Patterson went to Soap Creek in GA during September 1780 and
joined Capt. Joseph Dunn and Col. Clarke. He was in the attack on Augusta and in the battle at Kings Mountain. When Dunn's
company of volunteers dispersed he went to Mecklenburg County, NC,
and remained with mends until January 1781. After Cornwallis commenced his
march to VA, Patterson volunteered as a light horseman under Capt. Grimes and
was engaged in guarding the fords of the Catawba
River. He was in several skirmishes. During the summer of
1781 he enlisted under Capt. Francis Moore" Col. Middleton and Gen. Sumter
in a SC unit.
RAINEY, JOHN, page 306 (Bailey)
John Rainey was a young Georgia
Private, who died of his wounds on the Jacob Randall property, same location as
Col. Williams. Private Rainey is buried a short distance to the southwest of
the Randall residence and on the slope overlooking the little stream which
b. 08 September 1764, Loudoun, VA
d. 15 September 1847
m. Susannah Smith
While residing on the Holston River,
Amos Richardson enlisted on 1 September 1780 under Capt. George Russell and
Col. Campbell and was in the battle at Kings Mountain.
He also served from 4 February 1781 to 15 December 1781 under Capt. Samuel
Alexander and Col. Elijah Clarke.
STROZIER, PETER, page 242, (Moss)
b.c. 1740, Westphalia, Germany
d. 18 January 1807, Wilkes County, GA
m. Margaret (Peggy) Dozier, October
1758, Rowan County,
Peter Strozier arrived in Philadelphia on 9 September 1751 aboard the ship
"Patience". He had a land
grant in NC but moved to GA before the war. The widow of Peter Strozier alleged
that while residing in Wilkes County,
GA he enlisted during May
1779 under Capt. Paddy Carr and Col. Elijah Clarke and was in all of Clark's actions. He was in the battles at Kettle
Creek and Kings
T AYLOR, GEORGE, page 244 (Moss)
George Taylor served as a captain
under Cols. Clarke and Shelby in the battle at Musgrove's Mill. He joined Col.
Charles McDowell and may have been in the battle at Kings Mountain.
In 1781 he was under Maj. Joseph Jolly and Cols. Brandon and Roebuck.
"John Torrence was one of the 30
soldiers sent with Colonel Candler." from Torrence's, Torrence and Allied
Families, page 143, primary source unknown.
I show something on page 320 from "The King's Mountain Men"
by Kathrine Keough White, but cannot
locate reference. Also per Lucian Lamar
Knight's "Georgia's Roster of the Revolution", page172, Issued
certificate as refugee soldier, Wm. Candler, Col., Ref. Regt, Petitioner prays
287 1/2 acres in Franklin Col Warrant 1469."
Bobby Moss lists two brothers (?)
Peter and William as serving at King's Mountain. Per Moss, "Peter Trammel was in both
sieges of Augusta...he
enlisted in the militia under his brother, Dennis Trammel, and was compelled to
retreat over the mountains with Col. Elijah Clarke. He was in the battle at King's Mountain,
where one of his brothers (?) was wounded.
(page 249-Moss) The company
commanded by his brother (Dennis) served at various times under Col. Clarke,
Col. Brandon, Col. Farr, and Col. Campbell." Under Lucian Lamar Knight's book Georgia's Roster of the Revolution, page 172,
Dennis Trammel, "Certificate as refugee soldier, Benjamen Few, COL., May
15, 1784. Petitioner prays 287 1/2 acres
in Washington Co.” Only circumstantial
evidence on Dennis Trammel, but with his brothers serving at King's Mountain
and him serving with Clarke, bears some scrutiny.
TRAMEL (TRAMMELL), PETER, page 249
b. Hillsborough, NC
Sometime in 1775 or 1776 Peter Tramel
enlisted under Capt. Benjamin Few near Hillsborough, NC.
He was placed under Col. McIntosh who marched him immediately to GA, where he
helped build a fort on the Ogeechee River
and was on several excursions against Tories and Indians. After being
discharged he returned to NC where he remained 8 or 10 months before returning
to GA. He enlisted at the house of Col. Canter under a Capt. Forsyth and was
placed under Gen. Lincoln. For the next three years he was a diver of baggage
wagons and was in the two sieges of Augusta.
At the end of this service he enlisted in the militia under his brother, Dennis
Trammel, and was compelled to retreat over the mountains with Col. Elijah
Clarke. He was in the battle at Kings Mountain,
where one of his brothers was wounded. Shortly after returning to SC, he was in
the battle at Cowpens. Not long thereafter he was in the engagement at Hogskin'
s Mill against Dunlap. The company commanded by his brother served a various
times under Col. Clarke, Col. Brandon, Col. Farr, and Col. Campbell.
WALLACE, JOHN, page 256 (Moss)
b. 05 March 1762, Hawfield, VA
d. 27 May 1848
While residing on Rayburn's Creek in Laurens District, SC, John Wallace enlisted
on 10 March 1778 under Capt. Wilbourn and Col. Barbour. He was in a skirmish
with Tories at Cherokee Ford (might be battle between GA & SC militia with
Col. Boyd prior to Kettle Creek) on the Broad River and in the battles at Kings Mountain and Cowpens.
Next, he was under Capt. Humphrey Barnett and was in the battle at Eutaw
YOUNG, WILLIAM, CAPT., page 277 (Moss)
b. 21 July 1759, Loudoun County, VA
d. 07 November 1826, Greenville District,
m. Mary Salmon, 1789/1790
William Young of SC enlisted during
1775 and served under Cols. Brandon and Thomas and was on the Snow Campaign.
After the fall of Charleston
he became a lieutenant under Col. Brandon and Gen. Sumter. In addition, he
served under Col. Miller of GA. He was in the battles at Briar Creek, Stono,
Musgrove's Mill, the siege of Augusta
(where he was wounded), Kings
Mountain, Blackstock's Plantation, Cowpens, and the siege of
Ninety-Six. He rose to the rank of captain.
Notes on COLONEL
(aka Brigadier General) JAMES WILLIAMS
OF SOUTH CAROLINA, page
b. November 1740, Hanover County, VA
d. 8 October 1780
For Georgians participating in the
Battle of King's Mountain, one cannot tell the story without including the role
of James Williams from South Carolina.
He was hated almost as much as Major Ferguson at the Battle of Kings
Mountain. Certainly no love lost with
many of the South Carolina
militiamen who served under Sumter and the Georgians who served under Clarke.
Although it’s been rumored he was killed by Patriot fire, it is hard to prove
but not hard to believe. Of the seven
deadly sins listed, try to find one that doesn’t apply to James Williams:
Page 255-264 (Bailey)
James Williams’ first battle is at
Ninety-Six, SC in November 1775. His
company consists of 2 officers, 2 sergeants, and 24 privates and he is a Captain. About 1780 he returns to the war, with most
of his District controlled by Crown Forces.
He applies with Col. Sumter to be his commissary. He is given 1 officer, 25 men, and 4 wagons
with teams. He takes off with some
public stores and Col. Sumter sends Col. Lacey to stop him. Lacey puts a pistol to Williams’ chest to
swear he will not run off with the goods.
Williams doesn’t keep that oath once he gets back with his men. On 17 August 1780 he joins Col. Isaac Shelby
and Col. Elijah Clarke in an attack on Loyalist forces at Musgrove Mill. The
Patriots find out they are out-numbered and their horses are exhausted, so they
go on the offensive. Clarke is credited with turning the battle. But with
concern that Crown Forces with Major Ferguson are near, they withdraw. Col. Clarke is given charge of nearly 70
prisoners. Near Gilbertown,
Clarke is anxious to return to GA, he passes the prisoners to Col. Williams.
The fact that Clarke gets no mention or credit later for his role at Musgrove
Mill is sort of a "tough Cheetos" at this point, he passed the torch.
Williams shows up at Hillsboro, NC where not only the North Carolina government
is gathered, but General Gates (still cringing after his Camden debacle), and
the exiled Governor Rutledge of SC. They are so impressed with Williams'
prisoners and his version of his victory at Musgrove Mill that he is
commissioned a SC Brigadier General. Williams then proceeds to Sumter's camp and has his commission read and
commanded that Sumter's officers and privates submit to his authority. Sumter rejects him.
During the battle of Kings Mountain,
part of the 70 South Carolina troops participating were usually led by Col.
Thomas Sumter, but he had gone to meet with Governor Rutledge regarding the
command controversy with Williams (Dunkerly, page 7). Williams applied to
Governor Nash of NC to raise a corps of 100 men. After issuing a "call to
arms" on 23 September 1780, he raised about 40 men.
When all the forces joined for an
assault on Kings Mountain at Cowpens, Cols. Edward Lacey, William Hill and James Hawthorne
were present along with James Williams. Col. William
was recovering from wounds received at battle of Hanging Rock. A composite
force of 70 South Carolina
and 30 Georgians was formed. (Dunkerly) Considering there were three other South Carolina units in addition to Williams, it
is doubtful Williams had 40 of the 70 men under his charge. Although the
highest-ranking officer, he was the most detested. When there is a war council,
Williams is excluded. But he shows up at the battle.
Towards the end of the battle, Col.
Williams’ horse is hit in the lower jaw. When Col. Williams dismounts he is
hit, some say in the groin (ouch) other that the ball was between shoulders and
ranged downward. He dies the next day and is buried on the Randall Plantation.
A young GA private John Rainey also dies and is buried on the same property.
Year’s later Col. Williams grave is sought out and dug up. Apparently he was
buried in a cowhide (Bailey).
Some footnotes of interest: Col.
Williams is buried in front of old library in downtown Gaffney, SC; about 10
miles from battlefield (Dunkerly). Col.
Williams’ estate supplied 150 gallons of whiskey for militia use (Moss).
Description of Col. James Williams’
appearance is he was 5 feet 9 inches tall and quite corpulent. He also had an
uncommonly large nose that was subjects of discussion outside of his hearing.
This does provide the re-enactors with a least one good documented case of a
well-fed militiaman in the south. But I'd have to think this kind of well-fed
appearance would not be well received by over the mountain folks who were of a
Col. Williams was unable to write
autobiographies and reports, being dead, as the other Colonels did many years
after the battle. There was no one else
to “Remember the 30.”
Mountain. Walking Tour Guide – Robert M. Dunkerly
The Patriots at Kings Mountain - Bobby Gilmer
Commanders at Kings Mountain - J. D. Bailey
Roster of the South Carolina Patriots in the American
Mountain and Its Heroes. . . Lyman C. Draper
Roster of Georgia Revolutionary War
Pensioners. Lucian Lamar Knight
Robert (Skeets) Willingham, Jr.
Robert Scott Davis
Guyton McCall, Georgia Society SAR Genealogist
Pension record links added